We will cover the reign of Elizabeth I, contemporaries of Elizabeth (Philip II of Spain, William the Silent, Catherine de Medici, Mary, Queen of Scots and others). We will consider how and why England became so powerful after the defeat of the Spanish Armada, but why there was also insecurity over Elizabeth's failure to name a successor. Tudor (and in particular) Elizabethan architecture, culture, drama, and how far Elizabeth's was a golden age fore England. We will look at the use of portraits for propaganda purposes. Learning style as before- use of evidence, discussion and class inter-action with a bit of humour added.